The Supreme Court of the United States, in a historic decision, handed down a verdict that makes it legal for same-sex couples to marry in all 50 states.

In the first 24 hours following the announcement, news outlets and social media platforms exploded with activity.

Christian reactions have run the gamut from disappointment and concern on one end of the theological and denominational spectrum, to gratitude and celebration on the other end.

While this landmark decision will most certainly be debated for years to come, I want to offer three observations as we all seek to maintain a steady measure of perspective and confidence amid such a rapidly changing culture.

1. We are living in a “5-4 world.”

It is telling that the high court’s decision was a narrowly divided decision. It’s a split that seems to mirror the rest of the nation, not only on this issue but so many others as well. Race. Politics. Economics. Ethnicity.

There are great chasms around us, between us and (if we are honest) within us when it comes to the most sensitive matters of our time. That’s the nature of living in a broken world.

We are given a poetic glimpse of this reality at the end of the third chapter of Genesis.

In Genesis 3:8-24, after the story of the “fall,” the ancient text describes the various gradations of division that characterize a post-Edenic world.

There is separation and division between humans and animals (enmity between Eve and serpent); separation between humans and humans (Eve and Adam are clothed, and are no longer “naked and unashamed”); and perhaps most tragically, division between humans and God (the sad expulsion from Eden).

It is no surprise that a nation or a people divide along ideological, political, theological lines. It’s what we do. We live in a 5-4 world.

The question with which the church of Jesus Christ must grapple is this: In an era of such polarization and posturing, what is the unique role of the church?

Some would say the role of the church in the United States is to take a stand. Maybe so.

But among the particular “stands” that we take – whether they be in the camp of the “5” or the “4” on any given issue – the greater and higher calling of the church is to take a stand for civility, unity, mutual love and respect, never forgetting that we take our cues from the one who taught that it is the peacemakers who will be called children of God.

2. This decision is not a threat to the religious liberty of Christian congregations.

It is important to remember that while Obergefell v. Hodges is primarily about a judicial interpretation of the 14th Amendment to the Constitution (equal protection under the law), it is the First Amendment that affords religious groups (like churches, synagogues, mosques and so on) the protection to exercise their beliefs freely and uncoerced.

It is the First Amendment, which reads, in part, “Congress shall make no laws respecting the establishment of religion, nor prohibit the free exercise thereof.”

Applied here, churches will continue to make their own decisions about the kinds of marriages they perform or don’t perform.

Indeed, the ruling itself went to great lengths to emphasize this point, stating, “Many who deem same-sex marriage to be wrong reach that conclusion based on decent and honorable religious or philosophical premises and neither they nor their beliefs are disparaged here.”

This is yet one more reason we can be grateful for our long heritage as Baptists who have continually championed the separation of church and state.

From our birth, more than 400 years ago, we have fought, suffered and died for the religious liberties of all peoples (whether those peoples held the majority opinion or minority opinion).

We want neither a state that is controlled by the church, nor a church coerced by the state. The First Amendment affords and protects that freedom.

For further resources on how to interpret this decision through the lens of religious liberty, I highly recommend visiting the website of The Baptist Joint Committee for Religious Liberty, where you can find trustworthy resources that will prove helpful in understanding how this decision impacts churches and other faith-based organizations.

3. Jesus never saw “issues.” He saw people.

Jesus never joined political movements or waved a flag “for” this issue or “against” that issue.

Indeed, some surely attempted to bait him to that end. But he insisted on the deeper and further conversation.

He looked through the political and theological controversy de jour and saw the human being behind the issue.

When it comes to how we respond to the swiftly changing culture around us, it is important for Christians to do the same.

May we never forget that for many, this issue isn’t simply an issue, but rather it’s a son, daughter, brother or sister.

When an issue has a name and a face, and both belong to a person you love, the conversation changes. Your internal dialogue shifts from political to personal.

And it must. Christly love insists on it.

These are serious times. Conversations like this one require and deserve a certain emotional intelligence and spiritual maturity from our Lord’s church. The character of our witness to the world is at stake.

May each of us, and all of us, seek to know the heart and mind of Christ in all these matters. May we be diligent and disciplined with our study and our commentary.

May we find ways to express our most deeply held convictions in ways that convey the same dignity, compassion, authenticity and class as the one who welcomed everyone to his banqueting table.

Shaun King is the senior pastor of Johns Creek Baptist Church in Alpharetta, Georgia. A version of this article first appeared on the John’s Creek staff blog and is used with permission. You can follow him on Twitter @PastorShaunKing.

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