Israelis no longer support a two-state solution and don’t expect permanent peace between Israel and Palestine, an “almost complete reversal” of the public opinion held a decade ago, according to a Gallup report released on December 22.

One in four (25%) Israelis support an independent Palestinian state alongside an independent Israeli state. Most respondents (65%) do not support a two-state solution. 

This is a significant shift in public attitude from 2012 when more than 61% of respondents favored and 30% opposed a two-state solution. 

The response mirrors the view of Palestinians polled before the war. Fewer Palestinians (24%) surveyed between July and September supported a two-state solution. This is down 59% from 2012.

Since the October 7 attack, a minority (13%) believe that permanent peace is possible between the two groups. A “record-high” 74% say it will never be achieved.

Negative emotions have also “soared” since October 7. Israelis report experiencing worry (67%), stress (62%) and sadness (51%) during much of the previous day. One in three respondents (36%) also report experiencing a lot of anger.

“As the fighting between Israel and Hamas continues, Gallup data provide insight into the toll that the initial attack and ensuing war are having on the mindset and wellbeing of Israelis,” Benedict Vigers, a consulting associate, writes. “Hopes for a future two-state solution and lasting peace have grown further out of reach among both Israelis and Palestinians, compared with Gallup’s polling since 2006 in the region.”

To read the full report, click here.

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