A recent YouGov survey asked U.S. adults to share their perspective on the Supreme Court and polled respondents’ views on abortion.
The survey was conducted one day after POLITICO reported on a leaked draft opinion in the Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization case currently under consideration, which suggested a majority of justices would overturn the 1973 Roe v. Wade decision.
Almost half (49%) of all U.S. adults currently say they do not approve “of the way the U.S. Supreme Court is handling its job,” YouGov reported. Of this total, 30% “strongly disapprove” and 19% “somewhat disapprove.” By comparison, 26% “somewhat approve,” 12% “strongly approve” and 13% are unsure.
Respondents ages 35-to-49 were most likely to disapprove of SCOTUS, with 56% doing so. By comparison, 50% of those aged 65-plus, 48% of those 50-to-64 and 46% of those 18-to-34 said they disapprove of how SCOTUS is handling its job.
Democrats (71%) were far more likely than either Independents (45%) or Republicans (26%) to disapprove.
Respondents for whom religion was “not at all” important in their lives (68%) were far more likely to disapprove of SCOTUS than those who said religion was “not too” important (50%), “somewhat” important (44%) and “very” important (36%).
When asked about their views on abortion, a majority (59%) of all U.S. adults said that it should be legal.
Of this total, 31% said “legal in all cases” and 28% said “legal in most cases.” By comparison, 25% said “illegal in most cases,” 11% “illegal in all cases” and 6% were not sure.
This overall percentage of adults supporting legal abortion in all / most cases in the YouGov survey tracks closely with two other polls conducted recently.
The Public Religion Research Institute reported on May 3 that 64% of U.S. adults said “abortion should be legal in all or most cases,” while a Pew Research Center report published on May 6 found that 61% of adults said abortion should be legal in all, some or most instances.
Pew found that 73% of all adults said abortion should be legal when “pregnancy threatens the woman’s life or health,” while 69% said it should be legal when “pregnancy is the result of rape” and 53% when “the baby is likely to be born with severe disabilities or health problems.”
Respondents in the YouGov survey who were between the ages of 18 and 34 (66%) were most likely to say they think abortion should be legal in all / most cases, followed by ages 35-to-49 and ages 65-plus (both at 57%), with 54% of respondents aged 50-to-64 saying it should be legal.
Democrats (87%) were far more likely than both Independents (55%) and Republicans (25%) to say abortion should be legal.
Support for legal abortion decreased as religiosity increased, with only 36% of respondents for whom religion is very important in their lives saying they think abortion should be legal in all / most cases.
By comparison, 55% of those for whom religion is somewhat important, 78% of those for whom it is not too important and 84% of those for whom it is not at all important said abortion should be legal.
The PRRI survey provided data based on the religious tradition of respondents, finding that “white evangelical Protestants remain the substantial outliers with 30% saying abortion should be legal in most or all cases, compared to 73% among Black Protestants, 70% among white mainline (non-evangelical) Protestants, 59% among white Catholics, 57% among Hispanic Catholics, and even 52% among Hispanic Protestants.”
“Among those who follow non-Christian religions, 80% say abortion should be legal in most or all cases, while 85% of those who are religiously unaffiliated agree,” PRRI reported.
The Pew survey found that 21% of white evangelical Protestants said “abortion should be illegal in all cases, no exceptions,” compared to 10% of Catholics, 7% of Black Protestants, 6% of white not-evangelical Protestants and 2% of the religiously unaffiliated.
A majority of all five of these faith groups said “abortion should be legal if the pregnancy threatens the woman’s life or health” in the Pew survey, while white evangelical Protestants were the only group not to have a majority say “abortion should be legal if the pregnancy is the result of rape.”
The YouGov margin of error is plus or minus 4.2 percentage points, the PRRI overall margin of error is plus or minus 0.5 percentage points and the Pew margin of error is plus or minus 1.5 percentage points.