(RNS) The top court of the nation’s largest Presbyterian denomination has found a Boston minister not guilty of violating church rules against performing gay marriages in a narrow ruling that keeps the church-wide ban in place.
The Permanent Judicial Commission of the Presbyterian Church (USA) on Saturday (Feb. 2) cleared the Rev. Jean Southard on charges she violated church rules and her ordination vows by marrying two women in 2008 in Massachusetts, where gay marriage is legal.
The wedding took place before the PCUSA had determined, later in 2008, that the ban on same-sex marriage is “mandatory” for ministers, the 16-member court ruled. The court said that ruling should not be applied retroactively to Southard’s case.
Clergy in the PCUSA, which has about 2.2 million members, are allowed to bless same-sex relationships, but are not permitted to “state, imply, or represent” those ceremonies as marriages. A regional church court in California found a minister guilty of that offense late last year.
Four members of the high court issued a concurring opinion arguing the PCUSA should lift its ban on gay marriages because it marginalizes gay, lesbian, and bisexual people.
In a separate concurring opinion, three court members said Southard should have consulted with church officials before officiating at the same-sex ceremony.
Southard said in a statement, “I am saddened that this verdict does not make it possible for ministers to do the good and loving thing for their parishioners without the fear that someone will accuse them of violating church law.”