Racial Justice Resources: History Bookshelf – Secondary Sources

— Deetz, Kelley Fanto. “Memo from a Historian: White Ladies Cooking in Plantation Museums Are a Denial of History.The Conversation (2019). Accessible for general audiences by the author of Bound to the Fire: How Virginia’s Enslaved Cooks Helped Invent American Cuisine. University Press of Kentucky, 2017. Highly recommended to Southern white evangelical women. Deetz goes to the heart of much Southern white “lady” perceptions and self-identity built on mythologies handed across generations.

— House, Anna Swartwood. “The Long History of How Jesus Came to Resemble a White European. The Conversation July 17, 2020.

— Kantrowitz, Stephen. “White Supremacy Has Always Been Mainstream.” Boston Review July 23, 2018. A good synthesis of history and historians’ resources.

— Lewis, Tamara. ‘Wherefore She Made Suit’: African Women’s Religious and Spiritual Determinism in Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century England. Religions 8, no 11 (2017): 251.

— Miles, Tiya. “What Should We Do with Plantations?Boston Globe August 8, 2020. Excellent summary and suggestions for to do going forward. There may be a paywall. If so, request access through a library.

— Almaguer, Tomás.  Racial Fault Lines: The Historical Origins of White Supremacy in California. 2008.

— Bailey, Anne C. The Weeping Time: Memory and the Largest Slave Auction in American History. Cambridge University Press, 2017.

— Baptist, Ed. The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism. Basic Books, 2016, reprint.

— Berry, Daina Ramey. The Price for Their Pound of Flesh: The Value of the Enslaved, from Womb to Grave, in the Building of a Nation. 2017.

— Blum, Edward J. and Paul Harvey. The Color of Christ: The Son of God and the Saga of Race in America. Blum is the author of Reforging the White Republic: Race, Religion, and American Nationalism. Harvey is author of Freedom’s Coming: Religious Cultures and the Shaping of the South from the Civil War through the Civil Rights Era.

— Chang, Derek. Citizens of a Christian Nation: Evangelical Missions and the Problem of Race in the Nineteenth Century. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010.

— Cox, Karen L. Dixie’s Daughters: The United Daughters of the Confederacy and the Preservation of Confederate Culture. University Press of Florida, 2003.

— Franklin, John Hope and Albert A. Moss, From Slavery to Freedom:  A History of African Americans.  New York: Knopf, 1994. A classic.

— Gilmore, Glenda E. Gender and Jim Crow: Women and the Politics of White Supremacy in North Carolina, 1896-1920. University of North Carolina Press, 1996.

— Gordon, Linda. The Second Coming of the KKK: The Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s and the American Political Tradition. Liveright Publishers. Gordon is a leading American historian. Note the role of white women. One of the purposes of the KKK was to police public spaces and control the everyone’s behavior.

— Gourley, Bruce T. Crucible of Faith and Freedom: Baptists and the American Civil War. Nurturing Faith, 2015.

— Janney, Caroline E. Remembering the Civil War: Reunion and The Limits of Reconciliation. University of North Carolina Press, reprint 2016. What kinds of compromises and happy complicity with white supremacy did white Northerners and Southerners make after the Civil War for the sake of reconciling with each other rather than with African Americans?

— Jennings, Willie James. The Christian Imagination: Theology and the Origins of Race. Yale University Press, 2011.

—  Jones-Rogers, Stephanie E. They Were Her Property: White Women as Slave Owners in the American South. Yale University Press, 2019. One of the most important facts to understand, especially among evangelical families in which a pastor, for example, may not have technically/legally owned another person – but his wife did and thus the family lived off the enslaved labor of others. Slaves were routinely “gifted” to white women and new husbands upon marriage.

— Lew-Williams, Beth. The Chinese Must Go!  Violence, Exclusion, and the Making of the Alien in America. Harvard University Press, 2018.

— López, Ian Haney. White By Law: The Legal Construction of Race (Tenth Anniversary Edition). New York University Press, 2006.

— Mcrae, Elizabeth Gillespie. Mothers of Massive Resistance: White Women and the Politics of White Supremacy. Oxford University Press.

— Painter, Nell Irvin. The History of White People. W. W. Norton, 2010. Eminent historian Nell Irvin Painter’s survey of two thousand years of Western civilization, the invention of race, and the advantaging of  of “whiteness” economically and politically. She “reminds us that the concept of ‘race’ is an all-too-human invention whose meaning, importance, and reality have changed as it has been driven by a long and rich history of events.” – Eds. Illustrations.

— Sinha, Manisha. The Slave’s Cause: A History of Abolition.

— Tisby, Jemar. The Color of Compromise: The Truth about the American Church’s Complicity in Racism. For general audiences. Watch the video series available on Amazon. Good for church groups.

— White, Deborah Gray. Ar’n’t I A Woman? Female Slaves in the Plantation South. W. W. Norton, 1999.

—  Wilkerson, Isabel. Caste: The Origins of Our Discontent. Random House, 2020. See also the author’s Pulitzer-winning book The Warmth of Other Suns.

— Wilson, Charles Reagan. Baptized in Blood: The Religion of the Lost Cause, 1865-1920 (1980).

— Wong, Edlie L. Racial Reconstruction: Black Inclusion, Chinese Exclusion, and the Fictions of Citizenship. New York University Press, 2015.