At least every other year, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) conducts a “point-in-time” (PIT) national count of people experiencing homelessness and presents those findings to Congress. The 2023 report released last week found a steep increase (12.1%, or 70,642) from 2022 in those experiencing all forms of homelessness, including sheltered and unsheltered. 

Those experiencing “sheltered homelessness” include those in emergency, transitional or temporary housing, while people experiencing “unsheltered homelessness” refers to those living outside in the elements. 

From 2022 to 2023, the number of people experiencing sheltered homelessness rose by 47,864, a 13.7% increase. The unsheltered homeless population in the same timeframe increased by 22,778, or 9.7% 

The PIT count has been conducted since 2007. HUD relies on municipal and county governments and area service providers to assist in the count. Since 2007, the total number of people experiencing homelessness has remained relatively stable, with an increase of 0.9% of people experiencing all forms of homelessness (1.3% sheltered, 0.3% unsheltered.) 

This year’s report found that on a given night in 2023, a total of 653,104 people were experiencing homelessness in the United States. Of that number, 396,494 were experiencing some form of sheltered homelessness, while those living outside numbered 256,610. 

This year’s report, which also includes an inventory of available housing across the country, can be found here


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