Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on Jan. 1,1863, effectively freeing all slaves in the rebellious states.

Although the proclamation did not abolish slavery nationwide, it set into motion forces that would lead to the abolition of slavery nationwide.

On June 19, 1865, two months after General Robert E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox, Virginia, the Emancipation Proclamation took full effect.

Lincoln’s leadership regarding this salient issue that was tearing the nation apart exemplifies the importance of what theologian John Paul Lederach describes as “moral imagination” in leadership that looks beyond the surface for creative, innovative solutions to society’s most significant problems.

Lincoln’s moral imagination was deeply rooted in his interpretation of the U.S. Constitution.

In her book, Forged in Crisis: The Making of Five Courageous Leaders, historian Nancy Koehn argues that Lincoln believed that the framers of the constitution were against the institution of slavery in principle and sought to curb its spread.

Moreover, he believed that it was the government’s responsibility to restrict the practice throughout the nation. Lincoln believed chattle slavery was an immoral practice with no future in the flourishing of America and its noble ideals.

During the long and difficult years of the Civil War, Lincoln’s maturing convictions about slavery ultimately found their expression in the Emancipation Proclamation. Although limited in scope, it was a significant strategic move for the Union cause.

Thus, an article on the National Archives website asserts, “Although the Emancipation Proclamation did not end slavery in the nation, it captured the hearts and imaginations of millions of Americans and fundamentally transformed the character of the war. After January 1, 1863, every advance of federal troops expanded the domain of freedom.”

Serving in the Army and Navy, Black men became champions of their blossoming freedoms, masters of their destinies.

The move opened the door for freed slaves in territories regained by the Union troops to join the Union war effort, effectively fighting for the permanency of their newfound freedoms.

Here we are, less than 200 years from the moment Lincoln’s bold moral imagination changed not only the character of the war, but also the imagination of the nation.

Lincoln’s moral imagination challenges us today to look beyond the surface in addressing the socioeconomic challenges in postmodern society.

We must, as Lincoln, be courageous enough to imagine, to dream of a more egalitarian country where immoral practices are not the normative realties of the day. Like Lincoln, we must be bold enough to fight against injustices and inequities in society that threaten the mutual flourishing of all people.

Let us work toward an America characterized by the vision set forth by the founding generation: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”

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